“Longships were naval vessels made and used by the Vikings from the Nordic countries for trade, commerce, exploration, and warfare during the Viking Age. The longship appeared in its complete form between the 9th and 13th centuries.


The character and appearance of these ships have been reflected in Scandinavian boat-building traditions until today. The longship is characterized as a graceful, long, narrow, light, wooden boat with a shallow-draft hull designed for speed.


The ship's shallow draft allowed navigation in waters only one meter deep and permitted beach landings, while its light weight enabled it to be carried over portages. Longships were also double-ended, the symmetrical bow and stern allowing the ship to reverse direction quickly without having to turn around; this trait proved particularly useful in northern latitudes where icebergs and sea ice posed hazards to navigation.


Longships were the epitome of Scandinavian naval power at the time, and were highly valued possessions.”

Reference Literature

Source: Wikipedia, November 2010

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